Terms

Basic Iaido terms
Iaido, 居合道
I (居) is being, Ai (合) is correspondence and Do (道) grows from attitude to life, becomes a path.
Budo
Way of martial arts.
Bushido
Exercise way of a warrior, soldiers.
Ryu
School, style.
Seitei-Iai
the twelve Iai forms of the Japanese umbrella organization, also known as ›Zen Nihon Kendo Renmei Iai‹.
Koryu
traditionell (old) style/training.
Muso Shinden Ryu
the school found in inspiration.
Shoshin
Beginner spirit, openness; also and especially for experienced people
Fushin
Still mind: limited by ideas, fear or doubt, unfree, blocked.
Heijoshin
Resting mind.
Mushin
(無心) Unconsciousness. State of mind of an experienced martial artist during a fight – immediate answers without stressful thinking.
Muga
Non-person.
Dojo orientation
Dojo
Place where the do is practiced, training hall.
Shomen
Agreed main practice direction.
Regi
Behavior in the dojo (training room).
Reishiki
Etiquette, manners.
Reiho
Systematics of manners especially in Iaido.
Rei
Greetings or farewell.
Tachirei
Bowing while standing.
Seiza
Sit in the kneeling position.
Iaihiza
Seiza, right leg standing.
Tatehiza
Posture with right leg standing, hip raised.
Zarei
Bow while sitting.
To/To ni Rei
Sword / bow to the sword.
Kamiza/ni Rei
Place of honor, shrine / bow to Kamiza.
Sensei/Sensei ni Rei
Teacher / bow to the teacher.
Kohai
Junior student.
Sempai
Senior student.
Kyu
Student graduation.
Dan
Learning graduation, according to the black belt.
Dojo language
Onegaishimasu
I / we ask (for instruction).
Arigatogozaimashita
I / we thank (for the instruction).
Hajime /Hajimemasho
Start, go! / Let’s start!
Owari/Yame, Owarimasho
End / end, let’s finish!
Hai
Yes, understood.
Dame
Not so, wrong.
Mo hitotsu
Once again.
Datto
Put down the sword.
Kiritsu
Get up.
Suburi
Technique exercise.
Taiso
Gymnastics.
Keiko
Training; Midori Keiko: training by watching.
Embu
Demonstration.
Kotai
Change (of partner).
Taikai
WCompetition event.
Shiai
Competition, comparison.
Shobu ari
Result of a competition.
Gogi
Interruption of competition (may be of an injury).
Hante
End of competition.
Shinpan
Referee.
Techniques
Tategiri
Straight cut.
Nukitsuke
Drawing of the sword, first action.
Sayabiki/Sayabanare
Pulling the saya / saya movement.
Te no uchi
Screwing in the hands for the cut.
Sayanouchi
Victory without drawing the sword.
Hasuji
(Perceived) cutting line, accuracy of the cut.
Furikaburi
Guiding the sword to the next cut.
Kiritsuke
To cut (= killing someone).
Chiburi
Shaking the blood (also: last cut, mercy-dead).
Chinugui
Put down the blade before cleaning (eg kata Ukenagashi).
Hikinuki
Pull out and lift the blade (eg kata Kesagiri).
Noto
Returning the sword to the saya.
Body
Men
Head.
Te
Hand.
Me
Eye.
Do
Belly, under the ribs.
Hara
Abdominal cavity, sun braid, Tantien, Center of gravity.
Harakiri
Cut belly = Seppuko.
Kesa
Lower abdomen.
Kata
Kata
Full fight movement, form of training.
Ikita Kata
Fully lived, understood and true kata.
Waza
Technique.
Tachiwaza
Standing technique.
Renzokuwaza
Continuous, connected technique(s).
Kokyu
Breathing. Breathe three times before kata, do the kata in one breath.
Kihon
Basic techniques; to practice constantly, for example through the Seitei-Iai forms.
Ki Ken Tai Ichi
Ki-, sword, body (movement) in one. Kata with seamless interplay.
Position
Kamae
Keeping awake, different positions are possible.
Hasso no Kamae
Left foot in front, sword to the right of the head.
Chudan no Kamae
Posture with sword forward in the middle position.
Jodan no Kamae
Posture with sword in the upper position. From this can follow …
Katate Uchi/Waza
One-handed technique, such as lashing the sword forward.
Gedan no Kamae
Posture with sword forward in the lower position (eg kata Shihogiri, Gyakuto).
Waki no Kamae
Position of the sword at the side (migi = right, hidari = left) hidden behind the body.
Shizentai
Standing posture, sideways.
Sayaate
Touching the sayas of two people (avoid! – or use as a provocation/duel …).
Ma-ai
Distance to the opponent.
Kami no ashi
Foot closest to Kamiza.
Orientation
Embusen, Enbusen
Imaginary line of the kata process.
Seichusen
Correct, central line to the opponent, good for the fighter, bad for the opponent.
Ma
Rhythm, time interval of actions and movements.
Metsuke
Direction of view, attention of the gaze.
Kan Ken no Metsuke
2 types of gaze: Kan = looking, seeing; Ken = feeling, reading the truth.
Enzan no Metsuke
View of distant mountains = holistic perception.
Equipment
Keikogi
Tracksuit, all the parts that follow now.
Gi
Jacket, top in a Japanese kimono cut.
Obi
Long and wide belt, about 4 m long.
Hakama
Wide trousers.
Hakamasabaki
Move the Hakama to the left and right to sit.
Koshiita
Back part of the hakama.
Zori
Sandals for dojo area.
Mon
Family crest (signet on clothing).
Sword
Saya
Wooden sword sheath.
Tsuba
Sword hand sheet.
Tsuka
Handle.
Sageo
Sword band made of silk, cotton or leather.
Koiguchi
Saya opening, »carp mouth« (should be covered with fingers if possible = Koiguchi o kiru).
Monouchi
The upper, cutting part of the sword.
Kissaki
Point of the sword.
Bokken, Bokuden
Wooden sword.
Shinai
Bamboo stick as a sword substitute; used in kendo.
Iaito
Sword replica for Iaido practice.
Shaku
30,3 cm, length measurement for swords; Lengths from 2,4 to 2,8 Shaku.
Mekugi
Bamboo safety pin in the handle (must be checked for a secure fit before each use of the sword!).
Katana, Shinken
Sharp, forged sword.
Tameshigiri
Cutting test with sharp sword.
Understanding
Shuren
Discipline of training.
Zanshin
Attention.
Mushin
Empty (unblocked) mind.
Jiri-Ichi
Theory and practice are one.
Shishin
Fixed & blocked mind.
Heijoshin
Everyday spirit: master of the situation in every situation.
Dai-kyo-soku-kei
Large, powerful, fast, soft: desired body and sword movement.
Jo-ha-kyu
Gradation slow, medium, fast, compare Kata Mae Nukitsuke.
Kan-kyu-kyo-jaku
Variations: hard-soft, fast-slow, weak-strong.
Meri-hari
Binding tension between extremes, modulation.
Kigurai
Rest and presence in knowledge.
Fukaku
Character.
Hin-I
Dignity, in the sense of the opposite of brutality.
Kokoro
Heart. Also means the character of the person.
Seme
Exert pressure on the opponent; control the timing of the fight to hide your nakedness.
Shuhari
Learning progress in three levels 1) Shu = imitation, 2) Ha = understanding 3) Ri = innovation.
Saya no uchi no kachi saya
Victory without having to draw the sword.